Truffle (scientific name: Truffle) is a general term for mushrooms, classified as the genus of Ascomycota (Scientific name: Tuber). There are about 10 different species, usually annual fungi, most of which grow filamentously on the roots of broad-leaved trees, generally under pine, oak, and oak trees.
Scattered at the base of the tree with a radius of 120 to 150 cm, and the bulky body is hidden 3 to 40 cm underground. Distributed in Italy, France, Spain, China, New Zealand and other countries.
Truffles have a special edible smell and are rich in nutrients such as protein and amino acids. Truffles are extremely demanding on the growth environment, and cannot be cultivated artificially, and the yield is scarce, which makes it rare and expensive. Therefore, Europeans rank truffle, caviar, and foie gras as the “three delicacies of the world”.
Among the many types, the black truffle (Tuber melanosporum Vitt.) produced in France and the white truffle (Tuber magnatum Pico) produced in Italy have the highest ratings. White truffles are generally eaten raw, grated and sprinkled on pasta or fried eggs. It can be thinly sliced and added to the meat for roasting, or used to roast foie gras. Truffles are also added to some cheeses. The taste of black truffles is not as strong as that of white truffles. You can make truffle salt or truffle honey. In the past, truffles were peeled, but now they are often ground to avoid waste.
Scientific research data shows that black truffle is rich in protein, 18 kinds of amino acids (including 8 essential amino acids that the human body cannot synthesize),
Scientific research data shows that black truffle is rich in protein, 18 kinds of amino acids (including 8 essential amino acids that the human body cannot synthesize), unsaturated fatty acids, multiple vitamins, zinc, manganese, iron, calcium, phosphorus, selenium and other essential trace elements. As well as a large number of metabolites such as sphingolipids, cerebrosides, ceramides, triterpenes, androgens, adenosine, truffle acid, sterols, truffle polysaccharides, truffle polypeptides, etc., it has extremely high nutritional and health value. Among them, androne has significant effects on promoting yang and regulating endocrine; sphingolipid compounds have obvious activity in preventing Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis and anti-tumor cytotoxicity; polysaccharides, peptides, and triterpenes have the ability to enhance immunity, anti-aging, Anti-fatigue and other effects, can be used for health care.
How to eat
Stewed Chicken with Truffles
1. Ingredients: 50 grams of dried truffles, one hen (about 1500 grams), green onions, ginger slices, refined salt, monosodium glutamate, pepper
1. Soak the dried truffles in warm water to swell and wash.
2. Put the slaughtered and washed chicken into the pot, add about 3 catties of water, add the green onions (knotted), ginger slices, and bring to a boil, add the truffles, cover the pot tightly, bring to a boil, then transfer to a simmer About 3 hours, add salt and monosodium glutamate.